Empirical analysis of the solar contribution to global mean air surface temperature change ist peer-reviewter Artikel aus dem Jahr 2009, veröffentlicht in Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics.
- Nicola Scafetta, Department of Physics, Duke University
- Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, Volume 71, Issues 17-18, December 2009, Pages 1916-1923
The solar contribution to global mean air surface temperature change is analyzed by using an empirical bi-scale climate model characterized by both fast and slow characteristic time responses to solar forcing: τ1 = 0.4±0.1 yr and τ2 = 8±2 yr or τ2 = 12±3 yr. Since 1980 the solar contribution to climate change is uncertain because of the severe uncertainty of the total solar irradiance satellite composites. The sun may have caused from a slight cooling, if PMOD TSI composite is used, to a significant warming (up to 65% of the total observed warming) if ACRIM, or other TSI composites are used. The model is calibrated only on the empirical 11-year solar cycle signature on the instrumental global surface temperature since 1980. The model reconstructs the major temperature patterns covering 400 years of solar induced temperature changes, as shown in recent paleoclimate global temperature records.